On January 30, 2017, critic Jenny Kwan of the New Democratic Party (PND) of IMMIGRATION, refugees and citizens of Canada (IRCC) proposed an emergency debate on “President Trump`s immigration and travel ban from seven countries in the Middle East and North Africa.”  During the debate, the NDP called on the government to immediately suspend the agreement on the security of third-country nationals, citing the fact that “Canada can no longer trust that the U.S. refugee system provides refuge for those at risk of persecution.”  The official Conservative Party of Canada has stated that it will not oppose the suspension of the agreement, while the Green Party of Canada has expressed support for the suspension of the agreement.  The United States has another such agreement, a 2002 agreement with Canada. In addition to meeting the exemption criteria under the agreement, applicants must meet all other eligibility criteria for immigration legislation for the country in which they apply for status. Although refugees entering Canada at official border crossings are generally returned to the United States, they would not be returned if they crossed at locations between designated ports of entry; In this case, their demands will be heard and many immigration experts see it as a loophole within the agreement.   If our government remains committed to rushing an agreement, asylum seekers should at least have the opportunity to choose the country in which they apply. Asylum seekers should have access to a hearing in at least one of the two countries and receive more generous protection (applicants should have access to the destination in the host country if they are not eligible in the country of the last presence). Under the Trump administration, the Department of Homeland Security pressured Central American governments to sign agreements to prevent migrants from traveling north to the U.S.-Mexico border. The new “None Is Too Many” agreement is seen by the government as a critical part of the Canadian refugee system. However, refugee rights organizations disagree and have opposed the agreement for several reasons. The RAC`s opposition is based on the belief that it will reduce access to the Canadian deterrence system for many asylum seekers who would not necessarily be recognized by the U.S. system. While Canadian and U.S.
refugee systems are similar, there are significant differences that would lead to the reception of some refugees in one country, but not in the other. As long as there are such differences between the two systems, it is inconsistent with each country`s international obligation to refuse to hear the plaintiffs simply on the grounds that a claim could be invoked in the other country. These differences prevent the United States from being a “safe” third country. The risk of seeing each country as absolutely safe for all is well documented in the literature on refugee protection. The agreement notes that the United States is a safe country for all asylum seekers. Experts working with refugees are convinced that the differences between the two systems will often come at the expense of many asylum seekers who can be turned back without consultation at Canadian border crossings.