In addition to trade in goods, the new agreements often address other aspects, including the protection of intellectual property rights, trade in services, investment, public procurement and technical regulations. These are so-called “second generation agreements.” The EU is working to remove non-tariff barriers by applying the same rules and rules to all its member states. Regional regulations on everything from working time to packaging are an attempt to create a level playing field. This is not necessarily the case in a free trade area. Implementation in the SME sector is often not given sufficient attention to free trade agreements and the origin statements of exporting firms. To determine the country of origin, it is necessary to coordinate the management of the company, the export department, procurement, quality assurance, logistics and finance. For example, if the purchasing service changes supplier due to lower prices (old countries of origin, Switzerland, new countries of origin, China and the third country), the export department must also be informed, as this could change the country of origin. Changes in prices and production or fluctuations in exchange rates may also affect the valuation of the country of origin. If the calculations are not checked regularly and thus give false information, this can lead to retroactive payment of customs duties and significant fines against companies. The signatories to a free trade agreement form a free trade area (for example. B Switzerland-EU).
It is not a customs union, that is, the signatories of the agreement retain their own external tariffs. On the other hand, in the case of a customs union, there are only common external customs duties. Once the goods have crossed this line and reached the market, they can move freely between the different countries without any other tariffs. Examples of customs union: European Union or Swiss-Liechtenstein. The organization, founded in December 1994, aims to develop natural and human resources for the good of the people of the region. According to the United Nations, it focuses on creating a large, unified economic organization to overcome trade barriers. Although MERCOSUR was conceived as a Latin American internal market for the free movement of people, goods, capital and services, this vision has not yet become a reality. Internal disputes have slowed progress in removing tariffs and the free movement of people and goods.
However, by removing tariffs and other trade barriers, the agreement hopes to develop economic relations and stimulate economic growth. Online Research Documents General documents relating to regional trade agreements carry the WT/REG document code. As part of the Doha Agenda trade negotiations mandate, they use TN/RL/O (additional values needed). These links open a new window: Allow a moment for the results to appear. An approved exporter may, in all agreements, submit invoice declarations in all agreements, regardless of the value of the lot. These should not be signed by hand. The exporter must obtain the authorization of the relevant district customs office; this authorization is granted on the condition that the applicant guarantees that he is complying with the country of origin provisions and that he has submitted correct country of origin declarations in the past. For more information: SCA – Licensed exporters. Most (but not all) Swiss free trade agreements contain such a rule.